Egyptian Women Fight for their Rights

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By: Alexandra Kinias — I watched the movie Iron Jawed Angels. As an immigrant who had not grown up into  American culture,  I always admired how women of this great nation were enjoying their rights. However, this movie was an eye opening to the events of what really happened.  There was no shred of doubt in my mind that women did in fact demand their rights to everything they are enjoying today.  But I never imagined that these rights were achieved after a fierce and long battle. I wasn’t aware of the struggles that women had to go through to get their right to vote.

Women arrested and jailed on false accusations, harassed and abused, and thrown into solitary confinement, were things you heard happening elsewhere. Who would have believed that this happened in America? The movie didn’t just evoke a lot of feelings regarding women’s issues, but it also sparked the idea of what I am going to post in my blog, especially that blog started to discuss the serious issues that I addressed in my fiction novel “Black Tulips” which address the social hardships that Egyptian women encounter due to living in a male dominant society.

The Egyptian government statistics show that more than 50% of low class women are the sole breadwinners for their families. These women roam the streets every day looking for jobs. They are widows, divorcees, abandoned by their husbands or working to support an unemployed one. And while trying to make a living, they are subjected to a lot of physical and emotional abuse.

Girls dropping  out of school to support their families is a curse facing the future of women. Females turning to prostitution as a source of income is not widely spread, but it is not uncommon either, and so are teenage pregnancies.  Domestic violence against women, sexual harassment and girls being sold into marriages are among some of the examples of the hardships that face women.  As a result of that the rate of hymenorophy (restoring the virginity) operations that girls have to go through to protect their honor and thus their lives is increasing.

The Feminist Movement in Egypt that started at the beginning of the twentieth century was somehow silenced. In 1919, women, while still under the veil, marched in demonstrations along men to protest against the British occupation. In 1923 the Egyptian Feminist Movement was founded by Hoda Sharawi. On her return from an international feminist meeting in Rome , and while still on the steam boat, Sharawi and her peers removed their veils and dumped them in the sea.

Women’s political and educational rights soared, but family rights have always been stagnant. Divorce was only decided by the man, and harsh divorce and custody laws always favored men. Egyptian family laws were derived from Shariaa, the religious law, which doesn’t give much room to refute. I don’t believe that holly laws discriminate between genders; all laws were derived by men for men.

Over the past few decades,  women were brainwashed into believing that they have achieved all their rights, and stopped fighting for them, and as a result, their situation regressed greatly. But with the political changes over the last four years, women came to believe their importance as an active political partner and decision maker. They are waking up  to realize that their rights won’t simply drop on them from the sky, but that they have to fight hard for it to catch up with what they have missed. With this spark of hope, there’s a cautious sense of optimism that the future might be in fact changing to their favor.

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Removing the Veil Is Not As Easy As You Think

— By Alexandra Kinias —-

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Photo copied from the Internet

Salma was getting ready for her wedding day. The date was set. Invitations were sent. Wedding planner hired and cake ordered. Her designer dress glittered in the fitting rooms and the romantic honeymoon destination was the perfect spot to bring this fairy tale to life. Salma’s joy was replaced with disappointment when her fiancé objected to her wish to remove the veil on their wedding night. And while she wanted to have her wedding photos taken with her veil off, he rejected the idea of starting their life together committing a sin, by disobeying God and having men see her hair. Salma was torn between her desire to take the veil off and the fear that he might leave her if she did so.

What Salma was going through is not an isolated incident. There are a noticeable growing number of Egyptian women who are discarding the veil, and there are many others who wish to do so, but are unable to because of domestic and social pressures.

When Egyptian journalist Cherif Choubachy called for a rally to discard the veil, he was fiercely attacked by Islamic scholars. Short of an inquisition, Choubachy’s call was fought with aggression, sarcasm and personal and professional slandering. Naturally, his initiative died within days. The argument against this campaign was that veil was not enforced on women, but freely practiced and thus he had no business to advocate removing it. Veil is not enforced by law in Egypt, but claiming that women freely choose to wear it is a false assumption recognized by observers of the changes that took place within the Egyptian society in the last several decades.

The global campaign to cover the heads of Muslim women has successfully been orchestrated by magnifying veil as the core of Islam. And by boiling down the entire faith to women’s head cover, the fruitful results of political Islam, with veil as its symbol, is seen across the Middle East and in western capitals worldwide. With the fall of the Muslim Brotherhood’s rule in Egypt, the removal of the veil was the normal reaction by many women whom have worn it in the first place not for religious purposes but rather due to social pressures. And while some are going smoothly through the transition, many others like Salma are facing resistance from their spouses to remove it.

The intense campaigns, over the years, that have been drilling in women’s minds that neglecting the veil is sacrilegious, refute the statement that women freely choose to wear it. And while many were left feeling guilty for disobeying God, hordes of women veiled to escape His wrath. Thus the free choice is in fact a choice made out of fear not conviction. Simultaneously, it was also drilled in women’s minds that obeying their husbands is equivalent to obeying God.

Men were also made to believe that virtuous women are the conservative ones with veil, and that covering their women’s heads is a manifestation of their manhood. And while women were convinced that obeying their husbands is equivalent to obeying God, men were also convinced that as guardians to their women, they are responsible in front of God if they were not veiled. As a result, men pressure their women to wear the veil or as in Samla’s case, make sure it is kept on. It has also been drilled in men’s minds that women’s bodies are their possessions that should be protected from predators’ eyes. Who doesn’t remember the posters that compared unveiled women with uncovered candy that attracts flies?

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Or worse, who can forget  the Australian Muslim cleric who blamed immodestly dressed women who don’t wear the veil for being preyed on by men and likened them to abandoned “meat” that attracts voracious animals?

Because of the psychological manipulation by Islamic scholars to control both men and women, veil became a condition for men seeking a wife. It ultimately became a ticket for women to guarantee a spouse. A substantial number of women wear the veil to secure a husband or as requested by their suitors, but eventually find themselves in a dilemma when they realize that they are not allowed to remove it. To avoid confrontation, many reluctantly keep it on with the hope that they could convince their husbands to remove it someday.

And to close the loop in case husbands allowed their wives to remove the veil, religious scholars wasted no time in spreading fear among women that God’s wrath with those who remove it is even greater than with those who never wore it.

Veil has expanded from being a personal matter between women and God to become a social issue that involves many spectators; religious scholars, family members and friends who are either pro or against removing it.

Salma never removed the veil on her wedding night, but as a compromise, the couple hired a female photographer to take pictures of her before the wedding without the veil. These photos would only be shown to her female friends and family members. Salma knows that keeping the veil merely to please her husband defeats its religious purpose, but for someone who never committed to it for its religious value, she helplessly has no choice but to keep it on. She can’t risk the consequences of removing it.

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Man vs. Sunblock . Why many women choose to live in the shadow of men?

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By: Alexandra Kinias

With so much emphasis on marriage, growing up as a girl in Egypt can be very stressful. As the quote ‘Living in a man’s shadow is better than living in a wall’s shadow’ is drilled into their minds from an early age, girls grow up with the understanding that their ultimate goal is to get married, raise kids and have a family. And sadly enough most girls are bred to become eventually incubators and have more kids to sustain the population growth – I fail to see it any other way.

In a society where their role as baby makers is a top career, women hardly escape their fate. It is most unfortunate that that’s what they sometimes thrive for. For a lot of them, marriage is viewed as a way of breaking away from their family’s chains and becomes a symbol of a social respect.

When marriage becomes a destination, naturally the image of an unmarried woman is not very cheerful. And if anyone, God forbids, joins their ranks, it becomes an emotional and strenuous experience for both the girl and her family. Women in her extended family, friends and neighbors would click their tongues and purse their lips for the unlucky girl who had missed the marriage train. She would also be showered with pitiful looks for the terminal disease she suffers from; Spinsterhood – an ailment only a man could cure.

The pressure women are subjected to might lead them to marry an incompatible suitor who comes knocking on their door to save them from their doomed fate. And of course the older the women get the more compromises are made. The remedy offered by the suitor might sometimes means the woman would accept to be a second wife. It is not such a grave situation to salvage themselves from the social stigma that comes from being an old maid in a society that still discriminates against unmarried women. Anything could be sacrificed for a change in social status. Some of these marriages make it while others fail and the spinster label is switched to a divorcee which is not a welcomed status either, but one that is more acceptable.

Being viewed as a house wrecker who might impose a potential threat to her married peers, an unmarried woman is often expelled from the circle of her friends. The same goes for divorced women. And for both of these women the attempts to live alone come with hardships because in a society that is focused on matrimony, it is beyond comprehension that being single is a voluntary choice.

When girls reach the age of marriage, family’s nagging starts. The timing varies: in cities, it usually happens after college while in small towns and villages it takes place much earlier.

In their pursuit for a husband, girls often master the arts of manipulation and deception in fear of losing their trophy to be. Actually, they are not to be blamed. When they grow up in a society where they learn that living in the shadow of a man is better than living in the shadow of a wall, what else could they think off?

Following the footsteps of their ancestors in the quest of finding a husband can be to very mentally and emotionally exhausting process. If the woman fails, she feels that she is incompatible, loses her self confidence and is left with self pity that might lead to depression. And those who succeed will replace one shadow with the other – Yes the quote clearly stated that women are destined to stay in the shade, no matter what. And with these two options at my disposal, I would rather bake in the sun.

To read more

Spinsters By choice.

Egyptian spinsters fight against stereotype and discrimination

To read more:

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Who Will Throw the First Stone at Zeina?

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— By: Alexandra Kinias —

After two and a half years fighting in courts, Zeina vs Ahmed Ezz’s paternity saga finally ended with a victorious milestone for Egyptian women. The verdict would allow the actress to issue birth certificates for her twins in spite of actor Ahmed Ezz’s, the presumptive father, denial of his paternity. Furthermore, in an unprecedented ruling that would also benefit thousands of women who are fighting similar cases, the judge shifted the responsibility to the presumptive fathers to contest their paternity. So for Zeina’s case, and until proven otherwise by Ezz, the twins will carry his name. This verdict came as a slap in the face of the actor who wouldn’t comply with a previous court order to undergo a DNA test. Had he taken the test, this feud would have been concluded months earlier.

It is quite reprehensible how a father would refuse to issue a birth certificate for his offspring and vindictively fight against it, knowing fully of the consequences. A child without a birth certificate would not only be stigmatized for life as illegitimate, a shameful label in an unforgiving conservative society, but without it, this child can’t be enrolled in schools either.

To avoid social humiliation as her pregnancy advanced and Ezz was nowhere to be reached, Zeina fled to America to give birth to the twins. On their American birth certificates, Ezz was added as the father. The paternity battle started upon her return to Egypt. It is crucial to prove the status of the twins on Egyptian documents.

Zeina’s fame brought attention to her case and helped resolving it. But there are thousands of other underprivileged women who can’t afford hiring lawyers for such cases that can drag on for years in courts. Granting the mothers the right to issue birth certificates for their children, without consent of the presumptive fathers, was a huge victory for these women. Also the judge’s decision to shift the pressure of refuting the paternity to men was a smart move to bring closure to such cases.

Children born out of wedlock should not pay for the sins of their parents. Deprived from their identity, they will be forever haunted by the ghosts of their upbringing. The lucky ones are those whom their mothers terminated their lives before it had started, to save them the anguish and torment of abandonment in an orphanage or in the street. It is heart wrenching to read horrific stories of infants found in dumpsters stabbed to death or with their limbs eaten by stray animals. A high percentage of abandoned children become homeless. Left in the streets, it is tragic to see them competing with stray dogs and cats for scraps of food salvaged from the garbage, or for a spot to spend the night. You find them sleeping under parked cars, in construction sites or on a sidewalk with nothing to cover their frail bodies on cold nights but a piece of cardboard. They become invisible to the masses that carry on with their daily lives as if these helpless children are just stray animals they cross path with.

The shocking news of such discoveries briefly awakens the guilt feelings of people who would shift the blame entirely on the mothers, forgetting that they are also victims of an ultraconservative and heartless society. But other than condemning the mothers, not much action is taken to save these kids. As the hands are chained by the laws that govern and the minds are cluttered with cultural taboos, these helpless children will go on with their predestined lives that are doomed with shame and misery.

It is outrageous to discover that the voices of those who are fighting against the rights of these unfortunate children are coming from the comfort of expensive homes and mansions. Zeina was an unexpected surprise as she fought back relentlessly a battle that every mother with courage should fight. Ezz and his lawyers are appealing the court’s decision on the basis that no Orfi marriage contract is available, and thus slander the mother, discredit her claim and refute the paternity. The truth, however, will inevitably prevail. So why Ezz wouldn’t save us all the drama that he seems to play better in real life than in movies and take a DNA test? If he is confident of his stance, he would prove her wrong, close this chapter in his life and move on. If not, then he should stand up like a man and take responsibility for his action.

Women with courage and a cause are pivotal in changing outcomes, and Zeina proved to acquire both. Admire her courage and stance or despise her, her action will pave the road for more helpless women to follow her path. And those who are being critical of her, one can’t help but remind them that, “If any of you have never sinned, then go ahead and throw the first stone at her!”

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My Deep Condolences For Your Daughter’s Wedding

By: Alexandra Kinias

Caption: A Child Bride In Afghanistan.  By:  Stephanie Sinclair,winner of UNICEF photo of the year 2007

While most eight years old girls go to bed dreaming of doll houses, ballet classes, crayons and scrapbooks, princesses in sequence dresses and tiaras, nightmares keep others awake in fear that the sunlight of the new day will rob them of their childhood; in one of the most heinous crimes that are still committed to humanity: Underage Marriages.  Unfortunately in regions where it is practiced,  communities keep a blind eye on these illegal marriages, which in reality legalize pedophilia, prostitution, rape and human trafficking.

Children forced into marriages is not a new phenomenon and neither is it an exclusive practice to one religion, culture or region. Though child weddings are illegal (almost) everywhere, none the less they are spread throughout the globe in most of the Sub-Saharan African countries, from North Africa to South Asia, from the Indian Subcontinent to the Middle East and across the ocean to North America.

This practice that is still embedded in a lot of cultures was a politically motivated practice thousands of years ago to secure ties between regions and tribes andresolve family feuds, but there is no excuse for it to be practiced today other than selfishness, greed and ignorance. Today Child Marriages are sparked by poverty, ignited by sexually sick societies and protected by religious scholars and tribal leaders. And in such regions where social customs and traditions are still powerful, law is never enforced to stop these marriages that steal away these unfortunate girls’ childhoods and leave them as human wreckage. No one is spared and no one is rescued to describe this horrific experience.

Poverty is the main reason that young girls are forced into marriage. They are regarded as financial burden. Their only use is to be traded off like a commodity than stay in the family and expect to be fed. With the money the family receives, it is able to sustain its living until another daughter is sold. The older the girl gets, her price decreases and thus marrying the daughters before puberty is more profitable.

In April 2008, the ten years old Yemeni girl Nujood Ali became famous when she obtained a divorce and her book became a bestseller. Her story flashed headlines worldwide and prompted calls to raise the legal marriage age in Yemen to 18 years old. Unlike India and Egypt where the laws restricting underage marriage are often ignored, countries like Yemen and Saudi Arabia have no minimum age for marriage.

Nujood’s was also sold into marriage because of her family’s poverty. After she ran away and wrote her book, her brothers criticized her for shaming the family, but after her book started generating income, the shame was forgotten and she is treated like a queen, by the same brothers.

Girls as young as eight years old are snatched from the safety of their family home and forced to quit schools. In many cases their groom’s house is located in other villages and they are uprooted from their community and live in isolation. Once they are married, they become a domestic aid to their in-laws where they spend their days cooking and cleaning, often subjected to abuse and violence. Those who don’t expire because of sexual intercourse at this young age are traumatized by the experience. If they refuse, they are raped by their husbands.  As they reach puberty and before their bodies are fully developed, they would go through a cycle of repeated pregnancies, as contraceptives are uncommon in their communities. Early pregnancies and child birth are the main cause of fatalities of young mothers and their babies in underdeveloped countries. The babies who make it into the world are malnourished and underdeveloped. By the age of twenty, most of these girls have severe feminine problems that often lead to hysterectomies, and their bodies eventually give up. Unable to fulfill their martial obligations, their husbands simply discard them like old rags and seek new wives, and the cycle starts over again.

These abandoned girls who are forced into marriages are victims of illiteracy, slavery, sexual abuse and domestic violence.  They are left alone to face the perils of their disgusting cultures. Yet with all the social damage they experience, on their shoulders lay the burden of upbringing the future generation of children who were breast fed their misery, agony and exploitation.

Child brides are yet another aspect of how degrading women are looked upon in certain societies where they are viewed only as sex objects and breeding machines. It is not a coincidence that such illegal marriages thrive in societies with low respect for women. These societies that are still struggling to survive  are unaware that they will never advance while their women are deprived from their rights and their daughters’ rights are being violated.

Someone has to be held accountable for these stolen lives. The road to combating this crime is long and paved with thousands of years’ old traditions that will not be easily eradicated. But we can no longer sit in the bleachers and watch in silence as more virgins are sacrificed and their innocent blood is spilled on the matrimonial alter.

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Women Around the World this Week ..

Editorial by Alexandra Kinias

1. LAOS: One Woman’s Mission to Free Laos From Millions of Unexploded Bombs

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Channapha Khamvongsa . Photo Credit Adam Dean for The New York Times

Thanks to Lao-American Channapha Khamvong’s efforts, the United States will be spending $12 million to get rid of millions of unexploded ordnance in Laos, up from $2.5 million ten years ago. From her little office in Washington D.C., Khamvongsa has been able to raise money and awareness about the contaminated country. Laos is littered with live, hidden cluster bombs from 580,000 American bombing missions half a century ago. They are forgotten leftovers from “the Secret War,” one of the most severe air campaigns in history. Over the past five decades, the explosives have killed 8,000 people and wounded 12,000, who have mistakenly detonated the bombs. With this increased budget for clearing teams, Khamvong hopes that with continuous efforts and hard work, the Laos countryside maybe cleared of these bombs over the next few decades.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/06/world/asia/laos-campaign-to-clear-millions-of-unexploded-bombs.html?_r=1&smid=nytimesphoto

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2. IRAN: My Stealthy Freedom: Women in Iran Step Up Hijab Campaign by Filming themselves Walking in Public with their Heads Uncovered

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When Iranian journalist Masih Alinejad started the Facebook page, My Stealthy Freedom, to give Iranian women an opportunity to share their photos without the hijab (head veil), she had not anticipated that it would become a women’s movement. In a country where the Islamic law forces women to wear the veil in public, the social media gave the Iranian women a voice to express how they truly view the hijab.

And with the momentum that My Stealthy Freedom campaign has gained, women in Iran are not just sharing their photos without the hijab, but the campaign is expanding as women, in defiance to the laws of the land,  are now filming themselves walking in the streets of Tehran in broad daylight without their hijab, according to a report in the The Independent. Watch video below or click here to view it.

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/my-stealthy-freedom-women-in-iran-step-up-hijab-campaign-by-filming-themselves-walking-in-public-with-their-heads-uncovered-10149226.html

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3. CANADA: Woman Recounts Being Attacked on Montreal Subway ‘For Wearing Hijab’

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Hanan Mehdi. Photo credit : Le Journal de Montreal

MONTREAL — Hanane Mehdi was taking the subway to work in downtown Montreal on Tuesday, as she does every day, when she says she was the victim of a racist attack as reported by  Montreal, Canada-based Le Journal de Montreal reported.

Hanane Mehdi, who was taking the subway to go to work, was aggressed for wearing the Islamic veil by another woman. She was told to “return to your country” by a woman who later hit her in the face.“She started hitting me in the face, which got all red. I felt her hitting me from behind until people got involved,” Mehdi said.Talking about the incident, Mehdi’s daughter Marwa said: “I was so scared I was sick.“I didn’t know it could happen to my mother and I almost cried because I love my mom and I don’t want that to happen to her.”Following the incident, Mehdi, who did not return to work since the attack, filed a complaint against the woman.An investigation is under way as police review surveillance camera footage.

http://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2015/04/04/Woman-recounts-being-attacked-on-Montreal-subway-for-wearing-hijab-.html

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4. JAPAN: Japanese Police Make Arrest Amid String of Acid Attacks on Women

Shoppers at the entrance of Hankyu department store in Osaka, Japan.

Photo: KO SASAKI/THE NEW YORK TIMES

In four separate incidents in the city of Takasaki, Japan, four women who went shopping in the center of the city became victims of acid attacks. They all reported that that they felt a burning sensation on their legs and feet before realizing that acid was thrown on their bodies. Five days after the attacks, the Japanese police arrested a suspect in connection to the crime. The arrest came two years after Tatsujiro Fukazawa, 40, was accused of filling his female co-worker’s shoes with hydrofluoric acid. The victim had denied Fukazawa’s romance and as a result she lost the tips of her toes. Fukazawa was sentenced to seven years in jail.

Acid attack on women worldwide is on the rise. Women are targeted mainly by jealous perpetrators in revenge to denying or refusing their romantic approaches.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/04/07/japanese-police-make-arrest-amid-string-of-acid-attacks-on-women/

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5. ISRAEL: Israeli  Robi Damelin and Palestinian Bushra Awad have A Plan for Peace

http://nytlive.nytimes.com/womenintheworld/2015/04/07/israeli-robi-damelin-and-palestinian-bushra-awad-have-a-plan-for-peace/

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Robi Damelin and Bushra Awad

Robi Damelin and Bushra Awad are two mothers living on opposite sides of a bitter conflict. Both women have lost sons to the fighting between Israel and Palestine. And both are determined to channel their grief into a force for change.

When they first met, they exchanged hostilities, but when they showed each other the photos of their sons, they bonded immediately, as they cried together realizing that neither of them was responsible for the death of the other’s son.

Damelin and Awad hope to repair the strife between Israel and Palestine—not through peace negotiations, but through compassion.

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Weekly Women News from Around the World

— Editorial by: Alexandra Kinias

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Egypt:

Egypt honors mother who dressed as man for 43 years to provide for family

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Left as a widow with no income, while still pregnant with her daughter, Sisa Abu Daooh had to join the workforce to provide for her little family. Restricted by the traditions of her village in the southern governorate of Luxor that opposed to the work of women, Daooh was left with no other choice, but to disguise as a man to be able to find a job, a role she mastered for more than four decades. She wore men’s clothes and worked as a labor carrying bricks and cement bags at construction sites and polishing shoes. In her words she said that she preferred to work such jobs than becoming a street beggar.

http://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2015/03/17/Egypt-honors-mother-who-dressed-as-man-for-43-years-to-provide-for-family.html

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France:

France weighs skinny model ban

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The war on skinny is fought in the heart of the fashion capital, Paris. The French parliament is debating a law that would ban extremely thin models and to punish the agencies that recruits them. In France 30,000 – 40,000 people suffer from anorexia, mainly teenagers. The high pressure on models to stay thin is causing a lot of complications to their health as well as it is promoting an unrealistic body image and normalizing an unachievable physical appearance. Doctors in France are hoping by the end of 2015 to have no more anorexic models on the catwalk.

http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/17/europe/france-skinny-model-ban/

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Germany:

German court says Muslim teachers can wear headscarf

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Germany, home to the biggest Turkish community outside of Turkey has been witnessing social unrest since France has banned the wear of hijab (head scarves) in schools in 2003. And with the rise of Islamophobia in Europe, Muslim Germans like elsewhere in Europe have been feeling the pressure, especially when it came to their women covering the heads. The ruling of the German courts to allow teachers to wear the hijab in schools, as long as it doesn’t conflict with the school activities or cause disruption in the schools. This ruling was welcomed by the Muslim community.

http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/world/2015/03/14/German-court-says-Muslim-teachers-can-wear-headscarf-unless-disruptive.html

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India:

Nun, 71, raped during robbery in India, official says

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The violence against women that is spreading across India is leaving no woman safe; neither women’s’ age, social or religious stature protect them. In less than a week after the airing of the BBC documentary ‘India’s Daughter’ about the rape endemic that is wiping the country, the news reported the gang rape of a 74-years old nun. The mother superior was attacked and raped by a gang of robbers in the convent of Mary and Jesus school which is located 80 Kilometers away from Calcutta. Even with their faces captured on camera, the robbers are still at large. This incident is just one in a long chain of events that the BBC documentary shed the light on in a culture that harbors the criminals.
The BBC documentary was banned in India as many excerpts in the documentary encourage violence against women, according to the Indian officials. In an interview for the documentary, the man who was convicted in the gang rape and murder of a girl in 2012, showed no remorse for the crime and put the blame on girls for being raped. “A decent girl won’t roam around at 9 o’clock at night,” he told the BBC. “A girl is far more responsible for rape than a boy. Boy and girl are not equal…Housework and housekeeping is for girls, not roaming in discos and bars at night doing wrong things, wearing wrong clothes.” He suggested that they [men] “had a right to teach them a lesson.”
But instead of shedding the truth on what is really happening in India and how society views women, the officials decided to cover it up.

http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/14/asia/nun-raped-in-india/index.html

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Iran:

Women being reduced to ‘baby-making machines’: Amnesty

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To achieve the goal of their spiritual leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to double the population of Iran to 150 million in the next 50 years, Iranian women will be facing more setbacks. A law had already been approved in the parliament that restricts accesses to contraceptives will soon be in effect. An amendment to the bill will include the ban on sterilization and end subsidies on contraceptives. And another bill that will go before parliament next month will require employers to give job priority to men and women with children. Amnesty International has raised the concern over these bills that are reducing Iranian women to baby making machines. These laws will also be stripping women the rights of making their own decisions about their bodies and lives. Not to mention that the restriction of the use of contraception will force many women into unsafe backstreets abortion clinics.

http://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2015/03/11/Iran-women-being-reduced-to-baby-making-machines-amnesty-.html

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Ivory Coast:

Ivory Coast’s Simone Gbagbo sentenced to 20 years in prison

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Former first lady of Ivory Coast was sentenced to 20 years in jail on charges of crimes against humanity. Gbagbo was convicted Monday for her role in carrying out crimes against humanity following post-election violence in 2010 which left more than 3,000 people dead.

http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/10/africa/ivory-coast-first-lady/index.html

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Sweden: Swedish Prostitution Law Targets Buyers, but Some Say It Hurts Sellers
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Sweden has recognized that prostitution is an institution of inequality. And since 2009 and in an effort to combat it, Sweden has criminalized buying sex while decriminalized selling it – putting the criminal burden on the buyer, not the prostitute. As a result, street prostitution dropped to half. The success of this law has encouraged other countries to follow the Swedish model. Criminalizing the purchase of sex has been fully adopted in Norway and Iceland and partially adopted in Korea, Israel, Finland, and the United Kingdom. France may also consider passing this law.
This law also gives supports to the prostitutes. Parallel to criminalizing the buyer, Swedish NGO’s are assisting prostitutes who want to get off the streets. These NGOs have funds that offer these women education and work possibilities.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/15/world/swedish-prostitution-law-targets-buyers-but-some-say-it-hurts-sellers.html

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